Why undergo orthodontic treatment?

Proper oral hygiene starting in childhood pays dividends later in healthy teeth.   So does the proper alignment of teeth and the upper and lower jaws (the mandible and maxilia, respectively.) Good hygiene coupled with proper alignment result in a healthy and well-functioning mastical system.

Misalignment and its consequences

Malocclusion—a medical term to describe crooked or narrowly placed teeth, an incorrect bite or both—affects not only one’s facial expression and appearance, but also prevents effective cleaning of the teeth, giving rise to the increased incidence of parodontitis and cavities. 

Incorrect tooth alignment overstrains the tooth-retaining apparatus and eventually increases one’s susceptibility to parodontitis and tooth loss. In addition, it can lead to an incorrect closing of the mouth, which in turn increases the risk of infections, cavities and incorrect jaw development.

Frontal protrusion may lead to the incorrect positioning of the tongue and thus to incorrect swallowing patterns and/or incorrect articulation and speech.

An improper bite has a negative impact on the chewing function and thus on the digestion of food, which in turn may result in irritation of the stomach and intestinal tract. A mismatch of the jaws can have consequences like tension in the facial muscles. 

Undue pressure on the jaw joints may have serious consequences like back pain and dorsal muscle tensions, facial muscle pain, headaches, and may even lead to Tinnitus and dizziness.